Warm-Temperature Tensile Ductility in Al-Mg Alloys

Citation:

E. M. Taleff, Henshall, G. A., Nieh, T. G., Lesuer, D. R., and Wadsworth, J., “Warm-Temperature Tensile Ductility in Al-Mg Alloys,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, vol. 29A, pp. 1081–1091, 1998.

Abstract:

Several binary and ternary Al alloys containing from 2.8 to 5.5 wt pct Mg were tested in tension at elevated temperatures (200 °C to 500 °C) over a range of strain rates (10−4 to 2.0 s−1). Tensile ductilies of up to 325 pct were obtained in binary Al-Mg alloys with coarse grains deformed in the solute-drag creep regime. Under test conditions in which solute-drag creep controls deformation, Mg in concentrations from 2.8 to 5.5 wt pct neither affects tensile ductility nor influences strain-rate sensitivity or flow stress significantly. Strength is shown to increase with increasing Mg concentration, however, in the power-law-breakdown regime. The solute-drag creep process, which leads to superplastic-like elongations, is shown to have no observable grain-size dependence in a binary Al-Mg material. Ternary alloying additions of Mn and Zr are shown to decrease the strain-rate sensitivity during solute-drag creep, negatively influencing ductility. An important cause of reduced ductility in the ternary alloys during creep deformation is found to be a transition from necking-controlled failure in the binary alloys to cavitation-controlled failure in the ternary alloys investigated. An increase in ternary element concentration, which can increase the relative volume percentage of proeutectic products, increases cavitation.

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