**Refereed Journal Publications**

- L.L. Raja, A. K. Sreekanth, S. Santhakumar, "Internal gas dynamics analysis of a compressed gas launcher",
*Journal of Aeronautical Society of India***42**, 305 (1990). [4 pages] - Y.A. Hassan and L.L. Raja, “Simulation of Loss of RHR During Midloop Operations and the Role of Steam Generators in Decay Heat Removal Using the RELAP5/MOD3 code,”
*Nuclear Technology***103**, 310 (1993). [10 pages] - Y.A. Hassan and L.L. Raja, “Analysis of Experiments for Steam Condensation in the Presence of Noncondensable Gases Using the RELAP5/MOD3 Code,”
*Nuclear Technology***104**, 76 (1993). [13 pages] - L.L. Raja, P.L. Varghese, and D.E. Wilson, “Modeling of the Electrothermal Ignitor Metal Vapor Plasma for Electrothermal-Chemical Guns,”
*IEEE Transactions on Magnetics***33**, 316 (1997). [6 pages] - L.L. Raja, P.L. Varghese, and D.E. Wilson, “Modeling of the Electrogun Metal Vapor Plasma Discharge,”
*AIAA Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer***11**, 353 (1997). [8 pages] - D.E. Wilson, K. Kim, and L.L. Raja, “Theoretical Analysis of an External Pulsed Plasma Jet,”
*IEEE Transactions on Magnetics***35**, 228 (1999). [10 pages] - L.L. Raja, R.J. Kee, and L.R. Petzold, “Simulation of Transient, Compressible, Gas-Dynamic, Behavior of Catalytic-Combustion Ignition in Stagnation Flows,”
*Proceedings of the Combustion Institute***27**, 2249 (1998). [6 pages] (formerly titled*Twenty-Seventh Symposium (International) on Combustion*). - L.L. Raja, R.J. Kee, O. Deutschmann, J. Warnatz, and L.D. Schmidt, “A Critical Evaluation of Navier-Stokes, Boundary-Layer, and Plug-Flow Models of the Flow and chemistry in a Catalytic Combustion Monolith,”
*Catalysis Today***59**, 47 (2000). [14 pages] - H.G. Im, L.L. Raja, R.J. Kee, and L.R. Petzold, “A Numerical Study of Transient Ignition in a Counterflow Nonpremixed Methane-Air Flame Using Adaptive Time Integration,”
*Combustion Science and Technology***158**, 341 (2000). [24 pages] - L.L. Raja, R.J. Kee, R. Serban, and L.R. Petzold, “Computational Algorithm for Dynamic Optimization of Chemical Vapor Deposition Processes in Stagnation Flow Reactors,”
*Journal of the Electrochemical Society***147**, 2718 (2000). [9 pages] - R.J. Kee, W.-H. Yang, L.L. Raja, and C.A. Wolden, “The Influence of Pressure, Fluid Flow, and Chemistry on the Combustion-Based Oxidation of Silicon,”
*Proceedings of the Combustion Institute***28**, 1381 (2000). [8 pages] - X. Yuan and L. L. Raja, “Role of Trace Impurities in Large-Volume Noble Gas Atmospheric-Pressure Glow Discharges,”
*Applied Physics Letters***81**, 814 (2002). [3 pages] - T. L. Vincent and L.L. Raja, “Approach for Control of High-Density Plasma Reactors Through Optimal Pulse Shaping,”
*Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A***20**, 1722 (2002). [11 pages]. - L. L. Raja and M. Linne, “Analytical Model for Ion Angular Distribution Functions at rf Biased Surfaces with Collisionless Plasma Sheaths,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***92**, 7032 (2002). [9 pages] - P. Kothnur, X. Yuan, and L. L. Raja, “Structure of Direct-Current Microdischarge Plasmas in Helium,”
*Applied Physics Letters***82**, 529 (2003). [3 pages] - X. Yuan and L. L. Raja, “Computational Study of Capacitively Coupled High-Pressure Glow Discharges in Helium,”
*IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science***31**, 495 (2003). [9 pages] - J. Shin and L. L. Raja, “Dynamics of Pulse Phenomena in Helium Dielectric-Barrier Atmospheric-Pressure Glow Discharges,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***94**, 7408 (2003). [8 pages] - T. L. Vincent and L. L. Raja, “Optimal Pulse Shaping for Plasma Processing,”
*IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology***12**, 75 (2004). [12 pages] - G. Chen and L. L. Raja, “Fluid Modeling of Electron Heating in Low-Pressure, High-Frequency Capacitively Coupled Plasma Discharges,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***96**, 6073 (2004). [9 pages] - P. S. Kothnur and L. L. Raja, “Two-Dimensional Simulation of a Direct-Current Microhollow Cathode Discharge,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***97**, 043305 (2005). [12 pages] - P. S. Kothnur, J. Shin, and L. L. Raja, “Experimental and Numerical Study of External Plume Characteristics in Microhollow Cathode Discharges,”
*IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science***23**, 546 (2005). [2 pages] (4^{th}Triennial Special Issue on Images in Plasma Science). - J. Shin and L. L. Raja, “Microdischarge-assisted ignition of dielectric-barrier high-pressure glow discharges,”
*Applied Physics Letters***88**, 021502 (2006). [3 pages] - X. Yuan, J. Shin, and L. L. Raja, “One-dimensional simulations of multi pulse phenomena in dielectric-barrier atmospheric-pressure glow discharges,”
*Vacuum***80**, 1199 (2006). [7 pages] - G. Chen, A. V. Arefiev, R. D. Bengtson, B. N. Breizman, C. A. Lee, and L. L. Raja, “Resonant power absorption in helicon plasma sources,”
*Physics of Plasmas***13**, 123507 (2006). [11 pages] - P. S. Kothnur and L. L. Raja, “Simulation of Direct-Current Microdischarges for Application in Electro-Thermal Class of Small Satellite Propulsion Devices,”
*Contributions to Plasma Physics***47**, 9 (2007). [10 pages] - J. Shin and L. L. Raja, “Run-to-run variations, asymmetric pulses, and long time-scale transient phenomena in dielectric-barrier atmospheric pressure glow discharges,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics***40**, 3145 (2007). [10 pages] - J. Shin, V. Narayanaswamy, L. L. Raja, and N. T. Clemens, “Characterization of a Direct-Current Glow Discharge Plasma Actuator in Low-Pressure Supersonic Flow,”
*AIAA Journal***45**, 1596 (2007). [10 pages] - T. Deconinck, S. Mahadevan and L. L. Raja, “Simulation of Direct-Current Surface Plasma Discharge Phenomena in High-Speed Flow Actuation,"
*IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science***35**, 1301 (2007). [11 pages] - T. Deconinck, S. Mahadevan and L. L. Raja, “Simulation of a Direct-Current Microdischarge for the Micro Plasma Thrusters,"
*IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science***36**, 1200 (2008). [2 pages] (5^{th}Triennial Special Issue on Images in Plasma Science). - J. Shin, N. T. Clemens, and L. L. Raja, “Schlieren Imaging of Flow Actuation Produced by Direct-Current Surface Glow Discharge in Supersonic Flows,’’
*IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science***36**, 1316 (2008). [2 pages] (5^{th}Triennial Special Issue on Images in Plasma Science). - D. F. Berisford, R. D. Bengtson, L. L. Raja, L. D. Cassady, and W. J. Chancery. “Heat flow diagnostics for helicon plasmas,”
*Review of Scientific Instruments***79**, 10F515 (2008). [3 pages] - T. Deconinck and L. L. Raja, “Modeling of Mode Transition Behavior in Argon Microhollow Cathode Discharges,”
*Plasma Processes and Polymers***6**, 335 (2009). [12 pages] (**Invited paper**) - T. Deconinck, S. Mahadevan, and L. L. Raja, “Discretization of the Joule heating term for plasma discharge fluid models in unstructured meshes,”
*Journal of Computational Physics***228**, 4435 (2009). [9 pages] - T. Deconinck, S. Mahadevan, and L. L. Raja, “Computational simulation of coupled nonequilibrium discharge and compressible flow phenomena in a microplasma thruster,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***106**, 063305 (2009). [13 pages] - V. Narayanaswamy, L. L. Raja, and N. T. Clemens, “Characterization of a High-Frequency Pulsed Plasma Jet Actuator,”
*AIAA Journal***48**, 297 (2010). [9 pages] - J. Shin and L. L. Raja, “Cathode-sheath driven low-speed aerodynamic flow actuation using direct-current surface glow discharges,”
*Journal of Electrostatics***68**, 453 (2010). [5 pages] - D. F. Berisford, R. D. Bengtson, and L. L. Raja, “Power balance and wall erosion measurements in a helicon plasma,”
*Physics of Plasmas***17**, 33503 (2010). [11 pages] - S. Mahadevan and L. L. Raja, “Simulations of direct-current air glow discharge at pressures ~ 1Torr: Discharge model validation,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***107**, 093304 (2010). [11 pages] - J. M. Albright, L. L. Raja, M. Manley, K. Ravi-Chandar, and S. Satapathy, “Studies of Asperity-Scale Plasma Discharge Phenomena,”
*IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science***39**, 1560 (2011). [6 pages] - H. Sitaraman and L. L. Raja, “Gas temperature effects in micrometer-scale dielectric barrier discharges,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics***44**, 265201 (2011). [11 pages] - H. Sitaraman and L. L. Raja, “Simulation of RF Microdischarges for Microthruster Applications,”
*IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science***39**, 2930 (2011). [2 pages] (Special Issue on Images in Plasma Science). - D. Breden and L. L. Raja, “Gas Heating Effects in a Pulse Nanosecond Streamer Discharge Interacting with a Supersonic O2-H2 Flow,”
*IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science***39**, 2250 (2011). [2 pages] (Special Issue on Images in Plasma Science). - S. Mahadevan and L. L. Raja, “Simulation of Direct-Current Surface Plasma Discharges in Air for Supersonic Flow Control,”
*AIAA Journal***50**, 325 (2012). [13 pages] - V. Narayanaswamy, N. T. Clemens, and L. L. Raja, “Method for acquiring pressure measurements in presence of plasma-induced interference for supersonic flow control applications,”
*Measurement Science and Technology***22**, 125107 (2011). [11 pages] - D. Breden and L. L. Raja, “Simulations of nanosecond pulsed plasmas in supersonic flows for combustion applications,”
*AIAA Journal***50**, 647 (2012). [12 pages] - V. Narayanaswamy, L. L. Raja, and N. T. Clemens, “Control of a shock/boundary-layer interaction by using a pulsed-plasma jet actuator,”, Technical Note,
*AIAA Journal***50**, 246 (2012). [4 pages] - D. Breden, K. Miki, and L. L. Raja, “Computational study of cold atmospheric nanosecond pulsed helium plasma jet in air,”
*Applied Physics Letters***99**, 111501 (2011). [3 pages] - V. Narayanaswamy, L. L. Raja, and N. T. Clemens*, “Control of Unsteadiness of a Shock Wave / Turbulent Boundary Layer Interaction by using a Pulsed-Plasma Jet Actuator,”
*Physics of Fluids***24**, 076101 (2012). [22 pages] - H. Sitaraman and L. L. Raja, “Simulations studies of RF excited Micro Cavity Discharges for micro-propulsion applications,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics***45**, 185201 (2012). [12 pages] - D. Breden, K. Miki, and L. L. Raja, “Self-consistent two-dimensional modeling of cold atmospheric-pressure plasma jets/bullets,”
*Plasma Sources Science and Technology***21**, 034011 (2012). [13 pages] - L. L. Raja, S. Mahadevan, P. L. G. Ventzek, and J. Yoshikawa, “Computational modeling study of the radial line slot antenna microwave plasma source with comparison to experiments,”
*Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A***31**, 031304 (2013). [11 pages] - D. Breden, L. L. Raja, C. A. Idicheria, P. M. Najt, and S. Mahadevan, “A numerical study of high-pressure non-equilibrium streamers for combustion ignition application,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***114**, 08302 (2013). [14 pages] - H. Sitaraman and L. L. Raja, “A matrix free implicit scheme for the resistive magneto-hydrodynamic equations on unstructured grids,”
*Journal of Computational Physics***251**, 364 (2013). [19 pages] - R. R. Upadhyay, I. Sawada, P. L. G. Ventzek, and L. L. Raja*, “Effect of electromagnetic waves and higher harmonics in capacitively coupled plasma phenomena
*,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics*(Fast Track Communications)**46**, 472001 (2013). [5 pages] - B. Pafford, J. Sirohi, and L. L. Raja, “Propagating-Arc Magnetohydrodynamic Plasma Actuator for Directional High-Authority Flow Control in Atmospheric Air,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics***46**, 4852208 (2013). [7 pages] - H. Sitaraman and L. L. Raja, “Magneto-hydrodynamics simulation study of deflagration mode in coaxial plasma accelerators,”
*Physics of Plasmas***21**, 012104 (2014). [12 pages] - M. V. Pachuilo, F. Stefani, L. L. Raja, R. D. Bengtson, G. A. Henkelman, A. C. Tas, W. M. Kriven
_{, }S. K Sinha, “Development of a Gas-fed Plasma Source for Pulsed High-density Plasma/Material Interaction Studies,”*IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science***42**, 3245 (2014). [7 pages] - I. Sawada, P. L. G. Ventzek, B. Lane, T. Ohshita, R. R. Upadhyay and L. L. Raja, “Relationship between center-peaked plasma density profiles and harmonic electromagnetic waves in very high frequency capacitively coupled plasma reactors,”
*Japanese Journal of Applied Physics***53**, 03DB0 (2014). [6 pages] - D. Breden and L. L. Raja, “Computational study of the interaction of cold atmospheric helium plasma jets with surfaces,”
*Plasma Sources Science and Technology***23**, 065020 (2014). [15 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Breakdown of atmospheric pressure microgaps at high excitation frequencies,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***117**, 173303 (2015). [9 pages] - S. Kar, H. Kousaka, and L. L. Raja, “Spatio-temporal behavior of microwave sheath-voltage combination plasma source,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***117**, 183302 (2015). [7 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Effect of frequency on microplasmas driven by microwave excitation,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***118**, 043303 (2015). [6 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Dynamics of a wire-to-cylinder atmospheric pressure high-voltage nanosecond discharge,”
*Physics of Plasma**s***22**, 083507 (2015). [6 pages] - Y.-J. Choi, J. Sirohi, L. L. Raja, “Measurement of transient force produced by a propagating are magnetohydrodynamic plasma actuator in quiescent atmospheric air"
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics***48**, 425204 (2015). [11 pages] - M. Gray, Y.-J. Choi, J. Sirohi, and L. L. Raja, “Structure of Propagating Arc in a Magneto-Hydrodynamic Rail Plasma Actuator,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics***49**, 015202 (2015). [10 pages] - P. K. Panneer Chelvam and L. L. Raja, “Computational modeling of the effect of electron injection into a direct-current microdischarge,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***118**, 243301 (2015). [11 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Early stage time evolution of a dense nanosecond microdischarge used in fast optical switching applications,”
*Physics of Plasmas***22**, 123518 (2016). [7 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Influence of emitter temperature on the energy deposition in a low-pressure plasma,”
*Physics of Plasmas***23**, 032107 (2016). [8 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Response to “Comment on ‘Early stage time evolution of a dense nanosecond microdischarge used in fast optical switching applications’” [Phys. Plasmas 23, 034705 (2016)],”
*Physics of Plasmas***23**, 034706 (2016). [2 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja “Particle-in-cell modeling of gas-confined barrier discharge,
*Physics of Plasmas***23**, 043502 (2016). [6 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Influence of field emission on the propagation of cylindrical fast ionization wave in atmospheric-pressure nitrogen,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***119**, 153301 (2016). [7 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Influence of field emission on microwave microdischarges,”
*High Voltage***1**, 57 (2016). [3 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja “Electron kinetics in atmospheric-pressure argon and nitrogen microwave microdischarge,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***119**, 163303 (2016). [10 pages] - D. Levko, A. Sharma, L. L. Raja, “Microwave plasmas generated in bubbles immersed in liquids for hydrocarbons reforming,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics***49**, 22LT01 (2016). [7 pages] - D. Levko, A. Sharma, L. L. Raja, “Plasmas generated in bubbles immersed in liquids: direct current streamers vs. microwave plasma,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics*, Vol 49, 2016, pp. 285205 (10 pages). - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Fluid modeling of a high-voltage nanosecond pulsed xenon microdischarge,”
*Physics of Plasmas*, Vol. 23, 2016, pp. 073513 (5 pages). - P. Paneer Chelvam, L. L. Raja, and R. R. Upadhyay, “Computational modeling of a single microdischarge interactions with high frequency electromagnetic waves,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics*, Vol. 49, 2016, pp. 345501 (11 pages). - K. Kourtzanidis and L. L. Raja, “On the accuracy of the rate coefficients used in plasmas fluid models for breakdown in air,”
*Physics of Plasmas*, Vol. 23, 2016, 074503 (4 pages). - K. Kourtzanidis, D. Pederson, and L. L. Raja, “Active electromagnetic energy flow control with a tunable and reconfigurable coupled plasma split-ring resonator metamaterial: Influence of basic conditions and configurations,”
*Journal of Applied Physics*, Vol. 119, 2016, 204904 (10 pages). - A. Sharma, D. Levko, L. L. Raja, and M.-S. Cha, “Kinetics and dynamics of nanosecond streamer discharge in atmospheric-pressure gas bubbles suspended in distilled water under saturated vapor pressure conditions”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics*, Vol. 49, 2016, pp. 395205 (22 pages). - A. Sharma, D. Levko, and L. L. Raja, “Effect of oxygen impurities on atmospheric-pressure surface streamer discharge in argon for large gap breakdown,”
*Physics of Plasmas*23, 103501 (2016). [11 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Effect of negative gases admixture on the stability of beam-driven discharges,”
*Plasma Sources Science and Technology*25, 064003 (2016). [7 pages] - D. Levko, A. Sharma, and L. L. Raja, “Non-thermal plasma ethanol reforming in bubbles immersed in liquids,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics*50, 085202 (2017).[15 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Fluid vs. global model approach for the modeling of active species production by streamer discharge,”
*Plasma Sources Science and Technology*26, 035003 (2017). [16 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Magnetized direct current microdischarge I: Effect of the gas pressure,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***121**, 093302 (2017). [9 pages]. - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Magnetized direct current microdischarge II: Effect of magnetic field amplitude on the plasma,”
*Journal of Applied Physics***121**, 093303 (2017). [6 pages] - K. Kourtzanidis and L. L. Raja, “Analysis and characterization of microwave plasma generated with rectangular all-dielectric resonators,”
*Plasma Sources Science and Technology***26,**045007 (2017). [13 pages] - K. Kourtzanidis and L. L. Raja, “Three-electrode sliding nanosecond dielectric barrier discharge actuator: modeling and physics,”
*AIAA Journal***55**, 1393 (2017). [12 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Kinetic effects during the interaction between high density microplasma and electromagnetic wave,”
*Physics of Plasmas***24**, 043509 (2017). [7 pages] - V. Subramaniam and L. L. Raja, “Magnetohydrodynamic simulation study of plasma jets and plasma-surface contact in coaxial plasma accelerators,”
*Physics of Plasmas*24, 062507 (2017). [12 pages] - M. V. Pachuilo, F. Stefani, R. D. Bengtson, D. Dipti, R. Srivastava, and L. L. Raja, “Dynamics of surface streamer plasmas at atmospheric pressure: Mixture of argon and methane,
*IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science*45, 1776 (2017). [12 pages] - Y-J. Choi, M. Gray, J. Sirohi, and L. L. Raja, “Effect of electrode configuration and arc structure on a rail plasma actuator,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics*50, 355203 (2017). [15 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Particle-in-cell modeling of streamer branching in CO2 gas,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics*50, 354004 (2017). [10 pages] - D. Levko, M. Pachuilo, and L. L. Raja, “Population of vibrational levels of carbon dioxide by cylindrical fast ionization wave,” Physics of Plasmas 24, 093513 (2017). [9 pages]
- D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “The effect of electron processes on metal walls in the magnetized microdischarge,” Journal of Applied Physics 122, 163301 (2017). [7 pages]
- P. Panneer Chelvam and L. L. Raja, “Modeling of gas breakdown and early transients of plasma evolution in cylindrical all-dielectric resonators”,
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics*50, 474003 (2017). [11 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “On the production of energetic electrons at the negative streamer head at moderate overvoltage,”
*Physics of Plasmas*25, 124503 (2017). [4 pages]. - T. Iwao, P. L. G. Ventzek, R. Upadhyay, L. L. Raja, H. Ueda, and K. Ishibashi, “Measurements and modeling of the impact of radical recombination on silicon nitride growth in microwave plasma assisted atomic layer deposition,”
*Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A*36, 01A111 (2018). [9 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “High-voltage microdischarge as a source of extreme density plasma,”
*Physics of Plasmas*25, 013509 (2018). [9 pages] - V. Subramaniam, T. C. Underwood, L. L. Raja, and M. A. Cappelli, “Computational and experimental investigation of plasma deflagration jets and detonation shocks in coaxial plasma accelerators"
*Plasma Sources Science and Technology*27, 025016 (2018). [14 pages] - D. Levko, A. Sharma, and L. L. Raja, “Kinetic modeling of streamer penetration into de-ionized water,”
*Physics of Plasmas*25, 033515 (2018). [7 pages]. - L. L. Raja, A. Bourdon, and P. L. G. Ventzek, “Editorial: Recent advances in the modeling and computer simulations of non-equilibrium plasma discharges,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics*51, 150202 (2018). [5 pages] - V. Subramaniam, P. Paneerchelvam, and L. L. Raja, “Modeling of thermalization phenomena in coaxial plasma accelerators,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics*51, 215203 (2018). [17 pages] - Y-J. Choi, M. Gray, J. Sirohi, and L. L. Raja, “Static stall alleviation using a rail plasma actuator,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics*51, 263201 (2018). [11 pages] - V. Subramaniam and L. L. Raja, “A plasma-vacuum interface tracking algorithm for magnetohydrodynamic simulations of coaxial plasma accelerators,”
*Journal of Computational Physics*366, 207 (2018). [16 pages] - M. Gray, Y-J. Choi, J. Sirohi, and L. L. Raja, “Study of the dynamic behavior of the rail plasma actuator arc,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics*51, 315203 (2018). [13 pages] - D. Pederson, K. Kourtzanidis, L. L. Raja, “Nonlinear hydrodynamic effects in dense microplasmas interacting with microwaves,” Journal of Applied Physics 124, 043303 (2018). [9 pages]
- A. Zhang, R. Scarcelli, T. Wallner, D. Breden, A. Karpatne, L. L. Raja, I. Ekoto, and B. Wolk, “Numerical investigation of nanosecond pulsed discharge in air at above-atmospheric pressures,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 51, 345201 (2018). [13 pages]
- R. Scarcelli, T. Wallner, S. Som, S. Biswas, I. Ekoto, D. Breden, A. Karpatne, and L. L. Raja, “Modeling non-equilibrium discharge and validating transient plasma characteristics at above-atmospheric pressure,
*Plasma Sources Science and Technology***27**, 124006 (2018). [13 pages] - A. Karpatne, D. Breden, L. L. Raja, “Simulation of arc quenching in hermetically sealed electric vehicle relays,” SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars
**11**, 150 (2018). [8 pages] - D. Breden, C. A. Idicheria, S.-H. Keum, P. M. Najt, L. L. Raja, “Modeling of a dielectric-barrier discharge cold plasma combustion ignition system,” IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
**47**, 410 (2019). [9 pages] - D. Levko and L. L. Raja, “Microwave microplasma parameters at extremely high driving frequencies,” Physics of Plasmas 26, 014505 (2019). [5 pages]
- A. Sharma, V. Subramaniam, E. Solmaz, and L. L. Raja, “Fully coupled modeling of nanosecond pulsed plasma assisted combustion,”
*Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics***52**, 095204 (2019). [21 pages]