An expanded liquid molecular thermodynamic model is developed to predict the solubilities of pure solids in a liquid expanded with a gaseous antisolvent. Experimental data are presented for systems containing naphthalene, phenanthrene, and a mixture of both in toluene expanded with a gas antisolvent, CO2. The pressure range is 1 to 64 bar and the temperature is 25-degrees-C. The data are predicted accurately with regular solution theory up to moderate pressures, but not at the higher pressures where the liquid phase is nearly pure CO2. In contrast, the new expanded liquid equation of state model describes the wide range of behavior from the nearly ideal liquid solution at ambient pressure to the highly nonideal compressible fluid at elevated pressures. As a result, it predicts solubilities accurately over three orders of magnitude by using only binary interaction parameters. The implications of the phase behavior on fractional crystallization with a gas antisolvent are discussed.
Dixon, dj johnston, kp