{Simultaneous imaging of oxygen tension and blood flow in animals using a digital micromirror device.}


A. Ponticorvo and Dunn, A. K., “Simultaneous imaging of oxygen tension and blood flow in animals using a digital micromirror device.,” Optics Express, vol. 18, pp. 8160–70, 2010.


In this study we present a novel imaging method that combines high resolution cerebral blood flow imaging with a highly flexible map of absolute pO(2). In vivo measurements of pO(2) in animals using phosphorescence quenching is a well established method, and is preferable over electrical probes which are inherently invasive and are limited to single point measurements. However, spatially resolved pO(2) measurements using phosphorescence lifetime quenching typically require expensive cameras to obtain images of pO(2) and often suffer from poor signal to noise. Our approach enables us to retain the high temporal resolution and sensitivity of single point detection of phosphorescence by using a digital micromirror device (DMD) to selectively illuminate arbitrarily shaped regions of tissue. In addition, by simultaneously using Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging (LSCI) to measure relative blood flow, we can better examine the relationship between blood flow and absolute pO(2). We successfully used this instrument to study changes that occur during ischemic conditions in the brain with enough spatial resolution to clearly distinguish different regions. This novel instrument will provide researchers with an inexpensive and improved technique to examine multiple hemodynamic parameters simultaneously in the brain as well as other tissues.