Geometrical tuning art for entirely subwavelength grating waveguide based integrated photonics circuits

Citation:

Z. Wang, Xu, X., Fan, D., Wang, Y., Subbaraman, H., and Chen, R. T., “Geometrical tuning art for entirely subwavelength grating waveguide based integrated photonics circuits,” Scientific Reports, vol. 6, pp. 24106, 2016.
PDF969 KB

Abstract:

Subwavelength grating (SWG) waveguide is an intriguing alternative to conventional optical waveguides due to the extra degree of freedom it offers in tuning a few important waveguide properties, such as dispersion and refractive index. Devices based on SWG waveguides have demonstrated impressive performances compared to conventional waveguides. However, the high loss of SWG waveguide bends jeopardizes their applications in integrated photonic circuits. In this work, we propose a geometrical tuning art, which realizes a pre-distorted refractive index profile in SWG waveguide bends. The pre-distorted refractive index profile can effectively reduce the mode mismatch and radiation loss simultaneously, thus significantly reduce the bend loss. This geometry tuning art has been numerically optimized and experimentally demonstrated in present study. Through such tuning, the average insertion loss of a 5 μm SWG waveguide bend is reduced drastically from 5.43 dB to 1.10 dB per 90° bend for quasi-TE polarization. In the future, the proposed scheme will be utilized to enhance performance of a wide range of SWG waveguide based photonics devices.

Notes:

Publisher's Version