P. A. Sherek, Carpenter, A. J., Louis G. Hector, J., Krajewski, P. E., Carter, J. T., Lasceski, J., and Taleff, E. M., “The Effects of Strain and Stress Sate in Hot Forming of Mg AZ31 Sheet,” in Magnesium Technology 2012, TMS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, 2012.
Wrought magnesium alloys, such as AZ31 sheet, are of considerable interest for light-weighting of vehicle structural components. The poor room-temperature ductility of AZ31 sheet has been a hindrance to forming the complex part shapes necessary for practical applications. However, the outstanding formability of AZ31 sheet at elevated temperature provides an opportunity to overcome that problem. Complex demonstration components have already been produced at 450°C using gas-pressure forming. Accurate simulations of such hot, gas-pressure forming will be required for the design and optimization exercises necessary if this technology is to be implemented commercially. We report on experiments and simulations used to construct the accurate material constitutive models necessary for finite-element-method simulations. In particular, the effects of strain and stress state on plastic deformation of AZ31 sheet at 450°C are considered in material constitutive model development. Material models are validated against data from simple forming experiments.