Accurate immune repertoire sequencing reveals malaria infection driven antibody lineage diversification in young children

Citation:

B. S. Wendel, He, C. F., Qu, M. J., Wu, D., Hernandez, S. M., Ma, K. Y., Liu, E. W., Xiao, J., Crompton, P. D., Pierce, S. K., Ren, P. Y., Chen, K. K., and Jiang, N., “Accurate immune repertoire sequencing reveals malaria infection driven antibody lineage diversification in young children,” Nature Communications, vol. 8, 2017.

Abstract:

Accurately measuring antibody repertoire sequence composition in a small amount of blood is challenging yet important for understanding repertoire responses to infection and vaccination. We develop molecular identifier clustering-based immune repertoire sequencing (MIDCIRS) and use it to study age-related antibody repertoire development and diversification before and during acute malaria in infants (<12 months old) and toddlers (12-47 months old) with 4-8ml of blood. Here, we show this accurate and high-coverage repertoire-sequencing method can use as few as 1000 naive B cells. Unexpectedly, we discover high levels of somatic hypermutation in infants as young as 3 months old. Antibody clonal lineage analysis reveals that somatic hypermutation levels are increased in both infants and toddlers upon infection, and memory B cells isolated from individuals who previously experienced malaria continue to induce somatic hypermutations upon malaria rechallenge. These results highlight the potential of antibody repertoire diversification in infants and toddlers.

Notes:

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